Bhandari Overseas Pvt Ltd

About Nepal

Key Points
Map references:
total: 147,181 sq km
land: 143.181 sq km
water: 4,000 sq km
Land boundaries
total: 2,929 km
border countries: China 1.236 km, India 1.690 km
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
none (landlocked)
varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical
summers and mild winters in south
Teral or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region,
rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Kechana Kawal 70 m
highest point: Mount Everest 8848.86 m
Natural resources
quartz. water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Land use
arable land: 21.68%
permanent crops: 0.64%
other: 77.68% (2001)
Irrigated land
11.350 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards
severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives)
Current issues
contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff and industrial effluents): wildlife conservation: vehicular emissions.
International agreements
Tropical Timber 83. Tropical Timber 94. Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation.
Geography Note
Landlocked: strategic location between China and India: contains eight of world:s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest-the world's tallest on the border with China